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Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic

definition

Contact dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disorder caused by exposure to various antigens and irritants. It is associated with significant morbidity, and it is one of the most common reasons for worker's compensation claims for skin disease. Based on the mechanism by which contact allergy develops, several types are recognized, including allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, contact photo-dermatitis and contact urticaria. The clinical presentation of contact dermatitis, regardless of the mechanism, ranges from localized vesicles and bullae on erythematous skin in acute stages to erythematous lichenified plaques in chronic stages. Diagnosis is suggested by the localization of the eruption and the history of exposure to an offending agent. Treatment includes removal of the offending agent in conjunction with use of anti-inflammatory steroid creams, antihistamines and, in severe cases, oral corticosteroids. (Klaus MV, Wieselthier JS, Am Fam Physician 1993 Sep 15;48(4):629-632)

synonyms

Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic, Allergic Contact Eczema, Acute & Chronic, Allergic Contact Eczema Type IV

images

54 images found for this diagnose
localisation: lower arms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: hands, diagnosis: Photoallergic Contact Dermatitis localisation: palms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: palms, diagnosis: Photoallergic Contact Dermatitis localisation: navel, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: finger, interdigital region of the fingers, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back of the hands, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: palms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: neck, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lobule of auricle, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back of the hands, finger, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: elbow, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: penis, scrotum, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: abdomen, navel, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lobule of auricle, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: arms, wrists, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back of neck, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: neck, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back of the hands, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower arms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower arms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: face, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: face, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: back, buttocks, elbow, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: buttocks, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: around the eyes, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: forehead, nasal, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: upper lip, cheek, nose, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower leg, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower leg, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower arms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: lower arms, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: face, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: finger, diagnosis: Allergic Contact Dermatitis, Acute & Chronic localisation: ankle joint, diagnosis: Acute Irritant Contact Dermatitis

related

differential diagnoses

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica (11)Acrokeratosis Paraneoplastica Bazex (7)Actinic Reticuloid (1)Allergic Contact Eczema Type I (3)Asteatotic Eczema (11)Atopic Eczema (193)Balanitis Erosiva Circinata (1)Balanitis Plasmacellularis Zoon (12)Benign Familial Chronic Pemphigus (16)Candida Intertrigo (1)Chronic Cumulative Irritant Contact Eczema (10)Dermatomyositis (73)Dermatosis Palmoplantaris Juvenilis (18)Diaper Dermatitis (7)Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) (87)Dyshidrotic Eczema (5)Erysipelas (25)Erysipelas Carcinomatosum (2)Erysipeloid (1)Erythem Caused by a Cardial Pacemaker (2)Erythrokeratodermia Figurata et Variabilis (31)Erythroplasia Queyrat (4)Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (1)Extramammary Paget's Disease (3)Histiocytosis X (32)Hypereosinophilic Dermatitis (10)Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (5)Lichen Amyloidosus (9)Lichen Planus Exanthematicus (28)Lichen Simplex Chronicus Vidal (3)Lymphocytic Infiltration of the Skin Jessner-Kanof (13)Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (9)Mycosis Fungoides (104)Nummular Eczema (50)Paget Disease, Mammary (1)Pagetoid Reticulosis (2)Pemphigus Foliaceus (19)Pemphigus Seborrhoicus (13)Perioral Dermatitis (30)Persistent Light Reaction (22)Photoallergic Contact Dermatitis (9)Phototoxic Contact Dermatitis (9)Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris Devergie (44)Polymorphic Light Eruption (29)Progressive Pigmented Purpura (18)Psoriasis Inversa (42)Psoriasis Palmoplantaris (12)Purpura, Eczematid-like (Doucas-Kapetanakis) (1)Seborrheic Dermatitis (10)Stasis Dermatitis (6)Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus SCLE (61)Tinea Inguinalis (1)Tinea Manus (3)Tinea Pedis (15)Zinc Deficiency (5)Zoster Ophthalmicus (2)